Probing teen’s final, determined hours


MISSION, Kan. (AP) — “Y’all right here to guard me,” the youth requested the officers, beseechingly. “Proper?”

The 17-year-old’s foster father, unable to cope with a teen who gave the impression to be within the throes of schizophrenia, had known as Wichita police. After they arrived, Cedric “C.J.” Lofton refused to depart the porch and go together with them; he was obstinate however afraid, meek however frantic.

After an hourlong stalemate, the police misplaced endurance. It was time to take him away — by power, if essential.

And so started the final two days of a life stricken by household dysfunction, brushes with the legislation, years in foster care and, lastly, psychological sickness. The occasions resulting in C.J.’s dying, only a day in need of his 18th birthday, can be captured on video; the end result can be litigation, pleas for reform, cries that the system had failed one more Black youth.

Authorities would resolve in opposition to any prosecutions in connection along with his dying. However there have been essential errors, and important holes within the security internet that had deadly penalties.

Owing to the hour, a group that included a psychological well being employee was unavailable to reply on that night time final September; police alone responded. And C.J. was taken to not a psychological hospital however to the county Juvenile Consumption and Evaluation Heart, the place for about 40 minutes he was held face down, leading to his dying.

C.J. “went from disaster to dying as a result of we acquired concerned,” mentioned Sedgwick County Commissioner Jim Howell.

“All of us have to personal what we did proper and what we did incorrect,” he added. “And the fact is there’s issues that occurred that had been incorrect.”


Mates who met C.J. in foster care described him as a goofball, enjoyable loving, with a darkish childhood that he hinted at however by no means talked about a lot.

“He would dance in all places, simply wiggly, simply you understand, no coordination in any respect. Simply dancing simply to bop,” mentioned Skylar Mannie, 16, of Wichita.

However below the floor, she sensed anxieties. “He frightened about ensuring that he was protected, ensuring all people round him was protected and that they had been good always.”

He was raised with the assistance of his grandmother. His father, Chadrick Lofton, racked up a number of convictions for home assault; one case despatched him to jail for a yr and a half when C.J. was 2, and after that, C.J. advised buddies, his father wasn’t round. His mom, Sarah Harrison, additionally had a prison file, together with a theft conviction in Texas that carried a 400-day sentence.

As he entered his teen years, C.J. was residing along with his mom in Junction Metropolis, a Kansas city of about 22,000 close to the Fort Riley navy base. In the summertime of 2018, at age 14, he started to get in hassle.

He was accused first of utilizing a stolen debit card, then with stealing a automobile and instruments, court docket information present. At a soccer recreation that fall, he was caught with a BB gun and suspended from faculty; he was truant usually, the court docket filings present.

Then, in November, he was accused of battery and stealing a online game from a Walmart and was despatched to a juvenile detention facility. Court docket information famous that his “habits is escalating and there’s no parental management,” however he was launched to his mom that December.

He broke curfew many times. Finally, a choose signed an order eradicating Lofton from his residence, noting there was “no father or mother/guardian current.” By August 2019, a court docket submitting discovered that he was doing “very effectively” in foster care.

C.J. moved round at first, buddies mentioned. However in December 2020, he was positioned in Wichita with a foster father that his good friend, Marquez Patton, described as “one of many good ones.”

By all accounts, they acquired alongside. C.J.’s foster father advised investigators that he had been doing effective in class and that there have been no main points till their last weeks collectively, in keeping with a report by Sedgwick County District Lawyer Marc Bennett.

The foster father, whose title hasn’t been launched, declined an interview request by way of DCCCA Inc., a personal foster care company that contracts with the state’s Division of Youngsters and Households.

Through the pandemic-disrupted 2020-21 faculty yr, C.J. grew to become a favourite of Traci Kallhoff, a zoology instructor at Wichita Southeast Excessive Faculty. He was at all times asking questions, generally tossing a blanket over his head to enliven digital instruction.

“A few of these youngsters, like after they’re type of like that, you understand, like just a little ornery, however actually simply so vigorous, they only type of seize your coronary heart,” she mentioned, including that they grew so shut that he emailed over summer time break and hugged her when lessons resumed within the fall.

Patton, 22, met C.J. after they labored on the identical McDonald’s. He mentioned amongst different issues, the pair bonded over music — C.J. posted his personal basic gangster rap on YouTube, stuffed with references to shootings and bloodshed.

Certainly, C.J. had been a part of a Junction Metropolis gang, buddies mentioned. “Gangs are like a household,” Patton mentioned, however C.J. had vowed to depart that behind and “do higher.” The lyrics had been merely what bought, he advised buddies.

He began courting Kyanya Hardyway in June 2021. Her household “beloved him,” she mentioned, as a result of he was so respectful. They went to the mall, the YMCA and church collectively.

Ultimately, although, he began telling her and different buddies that he was listening to issues, that the world was going to finish quickly. It frightened her. However she added: “I used to be simply glad that he was simply telling me stuff.”

Mates mentioned C.J. deliberate to stay in foster care till he completed highschool. However he was rising stressed as he ready to age out of the system. Two buddies had already been pressured from the foster placement after getting in hassle, Patton mentioned.

Then, final August, his grandmother died in Texas. Cassandra Harrison’s dying was a blow.

His foster father mentioned when Cedric returned from the funeral in September, “it acquired progressively worse,” in keeping with the prosecutor’s report. He described him as “paranoid.”

Mates noticed the distinction, too.

“He was actually unhappy. He felt like he didn’t actually have anyone,” mentioned Angelee Phillips, an 18-year-old who additionally had frolicked in foster care.

She mentioned she knew he was smoking weed. His foster brothers additionally suspected he was doing medication, presumably the artificial marijuana often called K2, though none had witnessed it firsthand. Partly, their suspicions stemmed from his unusual habits; one foster brother heard C.J. saying that his classmates had been robots intent on hurting him.

Exams performed as a part of the post-mortem report got here up optimistic for marijuana, nothing else.

By Sept. 22, the scenario was escalating. C.J. walked away from faculty that day and his foster father known as police to report him as a runaway.

“He has been telling folks to not look within the mirror as a result of it takes your soul,” he advised a dispatcher, including that C.J. thought safety guards had been secret brokers that had been spying on him and that he doesn’t need anybody to return into his room as a result of he says the home is bugged.

Hardyway mentioned he known as her round 2 the subsequent morning. She may inform he was outdoors, however he refused to inform her the place.

“He was simply telling me like he beloved me and stuff after which he simply hung up as a result of his telephone was about to die,” she recalled. They by no means spoke once more.


When C.J. returned residence round 11:30 a.m. that Friday morning, the foster father instantly took him to the county’s psychological well being supplier for an analysis. However they by no means made it inside.

“He began freaking out after which ran off on me once more,” the foster father advised police.

He mentioned C.J. had talked about “he can get entry to a gun.” He suspected the teenager had schizophrenia. Though C.J. hadn’t been identified, a cousin had advised the foster father that the situation ran within the household.

It was all an excessive amount of. The foster father advised a caseworker he couldn’t deal with C.J. anymore.

C.J. didn’t notice that when he returned round 1 a.m. on Sept. 24. His foster father advised C.J. to remain on the porch, that he was frightened about him. He known as police.

The group operates a program through which a psychological well being skilled, a legislation enforcement officer and a paramedic reply to emergent psychological well being disaster. Nevertheless it solely operates from midday to 10 p.m., Tuesdays by way of Fridays.

That meant the unit was not out there when the foster father known as, and police needed to go as an alternative — one of many first huge missteps, mentioned Sedgwick County Commissioner Lacey Cruse: “We’re anticipating legislation enforcement to do method an excessive amount of.”

Officers approached the home. What adopted performs out on physique digicam video:

Whereas the foster father makes an attempt to succeed in the after-hours foster care contacts, officers attempt to persuade C.J. — who was additionally sick with COVID-19 — to allow them to take him to a psychological hospital.

“Hell no,” C.J. says.

Again and again, for almost an hour, they beg him to submit. C.J. gives to sleep outdoors. He factors at issues he alone sees, issues that don’t exist.

C.J., who had advised his foster father that he feared police would shoot him, empties his pockets at one level — apparently, to point out the officers he’s unarmed. Change clatters to the bottom.

“We don’t need your stuff,” an officer tells him.

An officer asks him once more concerning the hospital.

“The hospital,” C.J. says. “I believed you was speaking about jail.”

The officer responds: “Not jail, simply the hospital. … I promise you we might go there.”

However C.J. could have none of it. At 2:15 a.m., officers name for help. The 5-foot-10, 135-pound teenager remains to be refusing to budge.

The sergeant who responded to the scene would later clarify that he wasn’t keen to only go away C.J. alone outdoors, in keeping with the prosecutor’s report: “We are able to’t stroll away.”

They resolve to take C.J. forcibly.

This was one other mistake, mentioned Cruse and fellow commissioner Howell. “The place is that this impatience coming from?” Howell requested.

Within the video, C.J. screams and yells “assist” time and again as officers seize for his arms.

“That is unlawful,” C.J. says. “Isn’t it?”

Respiratory closely, the officers order C.J. to not chunk, they’re there to assist.

Ultimately the officers restrain him in one thing known as the WRAP, a tool comprised of a locking shoulder harness, leg restraints and ankle straps. The sheriff’s workplace describes it as a solution to restrain an individual who’s uncontrolled in order that they don’t harm themselves or others.

C.J. is frantic. “They’re going to kill me,” he screams, biting on the straps.

As the teenager is carried to the police cruiser, he might be heard muttering, repeatedly, “Kill your self.”


The vacation spot was now not the psychological hospital. The sergeant later defined that he believed C.J. was too combative to take there, in keeping with the prosecutor’s report.

As a substitute, the automobile headed for the juvenile consumption heart. C.J. was accused of a number of counts of battering legislation enforcement officers.

“It shocks me how this youngster is telling you they’re seeing issues that don’t exist and an alternate determination, apart from taking him to the hospital, was made,” mentioned Brittany Brest, a group psychologist who’s overseeing a grant from the Nationwide Alliance on Psychological Sickness to raised help Kansas inmates.

Even one of many officers might be heard questioning the change of vacation spot in the course of the drive, arguing that C.J. would fare higher on the psychological hospital.

“It fixes no matter is incorrect with him,” the officer says. The officers C.J. bit, he mentioned, had been “placing themselves in positions of being battered” as a result of they had been placing their arms in entrance of his mouth.

A second officer responds, merely, “It’s not our name.”

They pull into the juvenile heart at 2:44 a.m. and a number of officers carry him inside. C.J. continues repeating “kill your self” when he was faraway from the WRAP restraint round 3:40 a.m. Officers cautiously again out of the holding cell, leaving C.J. alone inside.

A juvenile employee later opened the door to the cell and advised C.J. he “gained’t be right here that lengthy” if he cooperated with being weighed and fingerprinted.

C.J., although, was nonetheless agitated. He walked out of his holding cell and tried to seize a pc monitor from the consumption counter, the prosecutor’s report mentioned.

Surveillance video from inside the ability reveals him resisting makes an attempt to position him again within the cell. At one level, he might be seen punching one of many juvenile detention staff within the head, knocking his glasses to the bottom.

The video, which comprises no audio, reveals detention employees wrestling him into the cell. The digicam angle doesn’t supply a transparent view of what occurred subsequent.

However the prosecutor’s workplace mentioned employees shackled Lofton’s ankles round 4:29 a.m. and put him on his abdomen on the ground a couple of minutes later. One employee held C.J.‘s ankles, one other his thighs and two others held down his arms.

C.J. struggled, saying he would “hex” employees and that he was Jesus, in keeping with the report.

A employee might be heard calling dispatch: The teenager wanted to be taken to a hospital for psychological analysis.

Round 5:08 a.m., the employees managed to place C.J. in handcuffs so he can be able to be transported when police arrived, in keeping with the prosecutor’s report. He remained face down. The employees then heard what seemed like loud night breathing; they assumed he had had drained himself out and fallen asleep.

However C.J. was removed from effective. The loud night breathing was doubtless agonal respiration, a standard signal of cardiac arrest, defined Dr. Michael Freeman, a forensic epidemiologist who testified within the George Floyd case.

“I believe the largest downside right here is that the individuals who do the restraint don’t perceive how harmful what they’re doing is,” he mentioned.

C.J.’s COVID-19 an infection additionally would “contribute and make it much more harmful,” mentioned Dr. Victor Weedn, a forensic science professor at George Washington College. Weedn mentioned the issue is that individuals can’t breathe quick sufficient or deep sufficient when they’re restrained face all the way down to eliminate carbon dioxide, particularly if they’re below stress.

However the employees knew none of this, insisting later that they had been utilizing restraints that they’d been taught. It took them about 5 minutes longer to note one thing was incorrect, roll C.J. on his again and begin chest compressions, in keeping with the prosecutor’s report.

They known as for assist. When the emergency crew arrived, he had no pulse. “I’ve one 17-year-old male put up code pink coming to you,” a paramedic known as in, after the crew managed to restart his coronary heart.

However his situation was grave, his blood strain simply 62 over 24. And two days later, he was lifeless. He by no means regained consciousness.


The ultimate post-mortem, launched in December, listed C.J.‘s reason for dying as “issues of cardiopulmonary arrest sustained after bodily wrestle whereas restrained within the inclined place.” The dying was declared a murder.

Andrew M. Stroth, the household’s legal professional, mentioned he’s making ready a “strong authorized submitting,” describing what occurred as “tragic on so many ranges.”

Sedgwick County Corrections Director Glenda Martens additionally described what occurred as “tragic” in a information convention however mentioned that the corrections employees “acted effectively inside the coverage and the necessities of that coverage” in restraining the teenager.

In the meantime, interim Wichita Police Chief Lem Moore mentioned his division is wanting into the actions officers took when reserving the teenager. The FBI is also investigating, and Kansas’ governor ordered a evaluate of how the foster care system dealt with the case.

A activity power assembled collectively by the town and county reviewed C.J.’s dying. Its members, who embody an area NAACP official and a 20-year-old youth organizer, beneficial a sequence of modifications, together with enhancing coaching and psychological well being companies.

Bennett, the district legal professional, mentioned he struggled with whether or not an involuntary manslaughter cost was justified, however concluded in January that the state’s “stand-your-ground” legislation prevented him from pursuing it as a result of employees members had been defending themselves.

Robert Spitzer, creator of “Weapons Throughout America: Reconciling Gun Guidelines and Rights,” mentioned Bennett’s interpretation is a “completely logical utility” of a legislation that he described as “deeply problematic.”

Bennett agrees, calling on the Legislature to alter the legislation and elevating questions on almost everybody concerned in C.J.’s care, from the juvenile employees to the foster care system.

“This,” he mentioned, “ought to by no means have occurred.”

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