NRJA rebuilds riga’s circus pink dome with intertwined wooden panels
Riga Circus reconstruction by NRJA
Design agency NRJA (No Guidelines Simply Structure) takes over the reconstruction undertaking of Rīgas Cirks, the landmark circus in Riga, Latvia. Initially inbuilt 1888 by architect Johann Friedrich Baumann, the Rīgas Cirks constructing is the one everlasting circus constructing within the Baltic states and one of many oldest in Europe, thought of an architectural monument of nationwide significance. The construction assembles a brick body with an area, particularly devoted to circus numbers with horses, coated by an unheated dome twenty-four meters in diameter. The historic dome formation consists of sixteen columns constructed from railway tracks. With just one restorative try in the course of the 135 years of the circus’ operating, held in 1953, the poor technical state of the constructing has led to repeatedly suspended actions.
Following the design precept of ‘including by eradicating’, the inventive studio undergoes a radical conservation peeling off the layers able to be indifferent as a result of decay, revealing veiled historic architectural particulars, and never concealing any presumably unaesthetic components behind the cladding. The hidden dimension of time is uncovered via conscientious restore. The accrued historic cultural layers are the principle supply of the sensory expertise within the rebuilt circus constructing. Together with a number of reconstructive methods and vitality effectivity enchancment measures, the restoration units up a uniquely applied CLT wood panel dome preserving the unique framework.
all pictures by Vladimirs Svetlovs, Aleksandrs Kendenkovs, Uldis Lukševics, Reinis Liepiņš
panel dome system preserves the historic structure
To replicate the substantive adjustments and stop the essential technical situation of the constructing, the architectural idea for the restoration of the historic constructing by design group NRJA in collaboration with the architect Ilze Mekša follows a imaginative and prescient of the conversion of the circus right into a multifunctional cultural web site. The undertaking’s predominant goal attends to the insulation of the constructing and the vitality effectivity enchancment preserving the historic structure of Rīgas Cirks and finishing up basic foundational works to make sure the functioning of the sector.
Evaluation of the historic constructing reveals baseless partitions, uninsulated roofs, and different uncommon constructing methods, corresponding to non permanent building of repurposed timber used to assist the 130 12 months–previous area. The restorative plan implements a CLT panel dome bearing the construction and the workloads required from varied performative acts. As the unique steel construction has misplaced its bearing capability, a parallel building of a brand new column community and wood panel system retains the historic body unloaded and uncovered. The interconnected panels apply individually designed components to kind a spherical, self–supporting form. The graceful, stable inside aircraft improves vitality effectivity. The vault is topped off by a metal ring construction and the restored authentic lantern.
The construction has been fully reconstructed and gained remotely operated blinds and home windows. The varied historic layers have been preserved and exhibited within the inside, and genuine supplies have been repurposed as a lot as doable. The logs from the sector stands are sawn into boards and used within the ending of the sector’s partitions. To protect the brick facade, the perimeter partitions are insulated on the within and completed utilizing repurposed cladding.
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